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Monthly Archives: March 2017

Gas Mileage With Hybrid Car

Hybrid cars are highly environmentally friendly as the pollutants driven out of hybrids are much less compared to conventional cars. The hybrid car works on the perfect optimal alternate changes of gas engines and electric engines. Based on the speed of the car, the fuel consumption and wastage are less and hence the hybrid vehicle can provide more mileage in city as well as highway driving.

To get the best gasoline mileage possible, it is important that you take great care with your driving habits. Here are 10 tips for getting the best gas mileage with your hybrid car.

Driving habits play a major role in fuel efficiency. It is always advisable to drive in a smooth way, without any jerks or jumps.

Avoid frequent braking, Move with medium speed or speed allowed in the highways, to avoid more braking. Each braking requires more energy.

Always go with a medium speed. For each category of vehicle there will be a range of speeds in which you get maximum fuel efficiency. Make sure that you drive your car within that range. More speed or less speed will demand more fuel.

As hybrid cars switch between gasoline engines and electric engines, depending upon the speed of the car, frequent ups and downs in the speed result in frequent switching of the modes. More frequent switching is equivalent to more consumption of energy. So it is advisable to have a uniform speed as much as possible.

Make sure that all your engine components are in good conditions. Carburetors are the first one to maintain regularly. You have to clean it at regular intervals to minimize the waste.

Cleaning the air filters and spark plugs can save you much gasoline. Take your car to the mechanic once in a month and ask him to do a cleaning and conditioning. If required do not hesitate to replace air filters or spark plugs.

Accelerate very gently and smoothly. Do not accelerate with full throttle. This will consume much energy. Assure minimum stops during the travel, each stop requires decelerating and accelerating, both wastes lot of fuels.

Change the gear to up as early as possible. Lower gears uses more fuel than higher gears. This is true for all standard internal combustion engine driver cars.

Check the battery charges once in a month or at the most in two months. If required recharge the battery to the required ampere level.

Be careful about the pumping of the gas. Do not pump very fast. A steady and slow pump will reduce the wastage while pumping.

Build Own Electric Car

Choose the right car to convert.

It really depends on your purpose for this car. Commuting? Taking kids to school? Entertainment? Hauling stuff?

Believe it or not, but a Porsche 914 is a terrific car to convert to EV but can you afford to? Really any car under ten years old, which is as light-weight as possible and plenty of room for batteries is good.

People have converted VWs, Audis, Nissans, Chevrolets, Pontiacs, Mazdas, Subarus,Hondas, Fiats and Fords. And so on…

In a very small nutshell;

Essentially you remove the donor car’s engine gas tank, exhaust, and clutch. Next you install the electric motor and controller and wire these to the batteries.

Then there is quite a bit of “detail” in between to take care of including a reduction gear, mounting and wiring electric motors for any power steering and air conditioning, and much much more.

Sounds easy? No, it isn’t quite that easy! You need a decent set of step-by-step instructions to work your way towards your own electric car.

Getting a heart for your frame, the electric motor

Converted electric cars usually use something between 96 volts and 192 volts. Once that is decided you can choose the right motor and controller. Most commonly used by EV convertors are DC-wound.

Which batteries?

There are five types of batteries that are used in EV conversions. Flooded acid lead batteries are by far the most common. VRLA (Valve Regulated Lead Acid) AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat) batteries, gel cell batteries, nickel-cadmium batteries and lithium-based batteries are also used.

Each has pros and cons. Any decent electric vehicle conversion plan will lead you to the one best suited to your project.

What does it cost?

You can build an electric vehicle for under $1,000 with a forklift electric motor, 8 six volt batteries and a golfcart controller but you won’t go very far in it, nor very fast!

Depending on the cost of donor car and required repair work to it, of batteries, adapter plate, motor, controller and wiring, the average lies between $5,000 and $12,000.

Make Solar Powered Car

You must think about design of the solar car. Here are a few items of interest to go along with the design you come up with:

  • Cost: You don’t need to spend a fortune.
  • Weight: Heavy solar vehicles will reduce speed and distance so keep your solar car light.
  • Materials: If you can’t find the exact material needed you can always improvise.
  • Durability: Will your final products start to crumble under the pressure of distance and velocity?
  • The track or runway: You don’t need a track but you should consider using a smooth surface to run your vehicle on.

SAMPLE MATERIALS

– Solar cells and Panels
– 2 1.5V AA batteries
– Pulleys
– Gears
– Wheels
– Electric hobby motor
– Wire
– Elastics
– Fishing line
– Skewers or Chop Stix
– Metal coat hangers
– Straws
– Light-weight recyclable materials
– Alligator clip test leads
– Duct tape
– Corrugated cardboard

SOLAR PANELS

For your first try with you solar vehicle it’s recommended to use two panels of solar cells. Each panel will consist of two cells. The panels will have leads through the ends of the panels for a direct circuit connection. The solar cells are extremely fragile so be sure to handle them with caution and care. It can be expensive to replace solar panels because of neglect of the material.

Do not cut the backing of the solar panels. If you do you can crack the cells and this will reduce efficiency of the panel. You want to squeeze every bit of energy from your panels so don’t cut the backing.   The solar cells can be tested and is recommended that each cell have 0.5V

 HOBBY MOTOR

A standard DC hobby motor can be used to mount to the frame of your solar car. You can usually get a motor from a RC hoppy shop for around twenty bucks. The motors should be rated to 1.5-3 V

CONSTRUCTING THE SOLAR CAR

Think of the materials you would like to use for your first solar powered car. Remember you need to use lightweight materials.

  1. Use recyclable material to construct your solar powered car. The lighter the frame and materials the better your car will utilize solar energy.
  2. After creating the framework for your solar vehicle you can mount the solar panels in a direction to maximize energy. This means you should have your panels directly face the sun.
  3. Next, connect the panels from the circuit leads to the hobby motor. 26 gauge wire will work just fine.
  4. Here’s the tricky part. Connecting the motor to the wheels on your solar vehicle. Your pulleys must be installed exactly the same distance of each other or your car will veer left or right. Make sure that the pulleys are also lined up correctly. Precise installation of the pulley system will create the right amount of tension for the elastics or fishing line. If you have gears installed, you must consider the gear ratio, corresponding to the motor so you don’t strip the internal gears of the motor. A smaller pulley/gear on the motor and a larger pulley/gear on the axle will give you the most performance durability.

Right Gear For The Sport

Many other sports have specific protective gear that everyone accepts as normal. Touch football in the back yard is one thing; high school, college or professional football is another. These players wouldn’t dream of going out onto that field without their protective gear.

As motorcyclists, we should feel the same way about our sport. We should be taking every precaution we can to avoid injury and, if something does happen, to minimize the damage to our bodies. It really bothers me to see someone on a motorcycle wearing shorts, a t-shirt and flip-flops.

Although this is about safety, there is one other aspect that does affect us as motorcyclists. When a rider is severely injured or killed in an accident, it reflects on us and the public perception of motorcycling. It also affects our insurance rates. If that death or those injuries could have been avoided by wearing protective gear, it just makes things unnecessarily difficult for the rest of us.

I don’t think I have a right to refuse to use safety precautions and, then, expect you to pay the bills when my injuries make it impossible for me to pay. I personally know of a young motorcyclist injured in his early 20’s who will spend the rest of his natural life in a nursing home – at our expense! His brain was crushed because he wasn’t wearing a helmet.

OK. Get off the soapbox and back to the subject!

Although I’m approaching the use of protective gear from the standpoint of reducing injuries once an accident has happened, it can also help you avoid getting into an accident in the first place.

Getting cold or wet can cause you to change your focus from operating the motorcycle safely to your own discomfort. That can seriously affect your reaction times if someone else does something stupid in front of you. The extra level of comfort good protective gear provides is also important to your safety.

Here, in Arizona, about the only car windshields that don’t have dings on them are brand new. What if that rock or other piece of debris hits you in the bare face or the throat? The shock and the pain can cause you to lose control of the bike. I have had rocks ricochet off my helmet that could easily have killed me on the spot. Imagine something like that hitting an unprotected hand or knee.

I have suddenly run into a swarm of flies, gnats or mosquito’s that I couldn’t see from a distance. Without the face shield on my helmet, I would have had those things in my mouth, nose and eyes. At 60 miles per hour, that’s no fun.

When an accident does happen, you want the most protection you can have – NOW! We know what the helmet does. A good motorcycle jacket with padding in all the right places will protect elbows, shoulders and back. Motorcycle chaps or pants can protect your knees and, with some designs, the hip bones. Gloves can keep the skin from being ripped off your hands. Boots offer protection for your feet and ankles.

Good motorcycle gear has padding in the places where you are most likely to suffer serious injuries if thrown from your motorcycle. It also offers a thick layer of protection for your skin. If you do land on the road surface and slide several feet, the cement or asphalt has to grind through that layer before your skin is even touched. That’s not likely to happen at normal road speeds.