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Monthly Archives: May 2017

Keep Older Car Running

Most cars manufactured within the last twenty years have better longevity than their predecessors. Less mechanical parts equals less mechanical failures. They still however have to be maintained. A hundred and fifty thousand miles on a car that is seven to ten years old or older can easily go another hundred thousand or more with proper maintenance and care. It is best to start out with a vehicle with a good solid maintenance record. Most of us know about oil changes and will have the oil changed on a frequent basis and that’s a good start. How many car owners read their owner’s manual? Have you? Be honest. Did you know that brake fluid should be flushed every two years? This may vary depending on your driving habits and region. The same also applies to power steering fluid. Why you ask? These are hydraulic fluids and are under constant high pressure which creates high heat and the byproduct of extreme heat in fluids is water. Over time this moisture builds up and weakens the fluid and leaves your system(s) vulnerable to rust and corrosion. This is the same reason why driving your car short distances (two to five miles while the engine is still cold)on a frequent basis will actually shorten your engine’s longevity. This can be remedied by going on a fifty mile ride every ten days or so. Transmission fluid should be replaced every two to three years depending on driving habits, region and if you frequently use your vehicle for towing. Rear wheel drive cars have a differential gear on the rear axle and that fluid should be replaced at least every fifty to sixty thousand miles. All wheel drive cars also have a differential gear in the rear but there is also a transfer case reservoir that needs to be drained and replaced with the manufacturer’s recommend fluid. I’m sure there are many of you who have been told, heard about, seen advertisements for and the such about 150,000 mile anti-freeze/coolant. DON’T WAIT A HUNDRED AND FIFTY THOUSAND MILES to flush your cooling system. A car’s cooling system builds up solid particles that can clog the radiator and cooling jackets in the engine block and cylinder heads and can cause premature water pump failure. These are the major components on a car that require clean fluids to operate with optimum efficiency.

These are just a few tips to help keep your car spend more time on the road and less time in the shop. Let’s not forget, cars are put together by man, so they are not perfect and there will be mechanical failures. Alternators, starters, fuel pumps and gaskets fail over time. But if your car is in good mechanical condition overall, it won’t seem like a big inconvenience and expense. Your car’s interior should be vacuumed at least twice a month and every week if you have young children. To prevent haze from building up on the glass (windows) clean them with Windex or a water and ammonia solution when you vacuum the interior. You can also use this opportunity to apply a UV protectant to the dashboard and door panels. Washing the exterior of your car should be done four to six times a year, again depending on the climate you reside in. Waxing the exterior of your car with a good wax should be done no less than twice a year regardless of where you live.

Car Gearboxes

Power steering is the result of fluid assisted gears which make it easier to steer the vehicle. Before power steering it took both hands on the steering wheel to keep the vehicle safely on the roadway. By adding hydraulics to the steering box it not only improved safe operation, it provided greater ease and comfort of controlling a motorized vehicle.

Another type of steering mechanism is the rack and pinion steering. This involves a linear gear. Linear means it is not a toothed wheel. It is a long piece of metal with matching ‘teeth’ that the round ‘pinion’ gear controls. The pinion gear is at the end of the steering wheel column, and when you turn the ‘wheel’, the pinion rotates causing the linear ‘rack’ gear to push against the front wheel’s housing connection and the result is changing the direction of the vehicle.

Gears can be used to either speed up, or slow down, the result of applied torque. This is accomplished through gearing ratios which determine the final output. Gears can also be used to reverse the action of the motor, or engine, that is powering them. A series of gears can be used to produce even more of the desired result. In car gearboxes, the end result is achieved by a combination of direct and reversed gears being used to operate the vehicle.

Start Car With Weak Battery

If our car battery is older than 18 months then its capacity for recharging and in turn providing adequate power supply to the self-starter to start the car, is considerably reduced. In such cases, the automobile workshops advise us to replace the battery with new ones. Yet, during the intervening periods, we need to know the ways to start the car.

We face similar problem when we keep our car unused for prolonged periods and the battery is discharged on its own.

1. Push Start:

There are two ways to start a car with a weak battery. The first one is our age-old system of ‘Push Start’. The user’s guide provided by the car-manufacturers along with the vehicles do not recommend this way of starting the car. Yet, we have to resort to this way if the car stops in a remote place where there is no other way to move vehicle and reach out for a safer place.

First, make adequate arrangements for moving the car manually. Here are the ways to move the car manually for ‘push start’. Place your car on a down gradient and let the car roll down for picking-up adequate speed for moving it in 2nd gear. The other way is to take help of someone to push the car from the rear for achieving a desired speed.

Now, before moving the car you need to occupy driver’s seat and take the following actions in proper sequence:

Move the gear lever to ‘2nd gear’; press the clutch paddle full; press the accelerator a little; insert the ignition key and twist it to ‘switch-on’ position; Now ask someone to push the car as described in the proceeding paragraph. Wait for the car to achieve the desired speed. Then release the clutch until the engine starts. Your car engine will start running.

Push the clutch again and bring the gear lever to ‘neutral gear’. Now either you run the engine in idle condition or else drive away to your destination.

2. Jump Start:

The recommended way to start a car is by ‘jump start’ system. For this you need to have a well-charged battery or else you may use any other battery fitted on a car. Now you need to have a pair of two-meter long thick electric cables strong enough to withstand 30amp load. There should be crocodile clips properly attached to both the ends of the cables. Patented ready-made ‘Jump Start’ cables are also available in the market and it is advisable to have one pair of cables in our car for crisis management.

The ‘Jump Start’ procedure is simple. Bring the other car near to your car; connect the red cable to the Positive Ports (marked +) of batteries of both the cars; connect the black cable to Negative Ports (marked -) of both the batteries. By doing this you have connected the well-charged battery of the other car to your car. In other words, you are now using the battery of the other car for your own car.

Now occupy the driver’s seat; bring the gear lever to ‘neutral gear’; push clutch paddle full; insert ignition key in its slot and start your car as usual. For keeping the engine running apply hand break; let the car be in ‘neutral gear’; let the ignition key remain in its slot; open the window glass of driver’s door and come out of your car leaving the engine in ‘idle running’.

Remove the cables and keep them in your trunk. Shift the other car to its original place. Now you should drive away for recharging your car battery. Go for a long drive at least for 5 – 10 km possibly at lower gears and essentially without putting-on your AC.

In this way your battery will be recharged for your normal use. In some types of batteries, you need to check the acid-level in the battery. If the level has gone down you may pour some distilled water by opening the caps with the help of a coin.

Some Steps Drive Sports Car

Step 1: When speeding up, you need to accelerate smoothly. That requires a gradual throttle on the accelerator and not a juddering movement that can cause imbalance on the car. This will help round those corners smoothly like a pro. It is important to remember this as there are many brands of cars that lose balance and stability when the accelerator is jerked suddenly.

Step 2: Never leave the wheels-unless you need to shift gears, of course. Most car racing pros suggest that you glue your hands at the center of the right side and the center of the left side. If you want to round that corner, turn the wheel but do not slide your hands. Keep them in much the same place even if you have to do a complete 90% turn of your wheel-in this case your arms are pretty much crossing with each other already. But this is the most efficient way to manoeuvre that car on corners.

Step 3: If you want to shift, do it in a very smooth motion. That means apply gradual pressure on the gear level to slowly transition to a fast and smooth shifting method. You can pause for a few seconds when shifting gears. This will allow your car to adjust to the speed and will greatly lessen any mechanical damages to your car.

Step 4: When you are downshifting and braking, the pros divulge one of their secrets-the heel and toe mechanism. When you do this in downshifting, you only need to turn your foot on the brake and then shift it on the gas pedal. This will help keep RPMs at its upstate even when you are braking so you do not lose your speed and need to accelerate again. This is a good method when racing.