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Car Gear Levers

First gear will provide the greatest force at the driving wheel and is almost always the gear that you will select to get the car in motion. As you speed up, you will need to change up in the gears. Each one will give you less gear force but more road speed. The top gear provides you with the least force, but the widest range of speeds.

Most modern cars will have five speeds, but many newer cars or heavier vehicles will have more. As well as the general gears, there will also be a reverse one. When the car is in neutral, no gear will be engaged.
The clutch links the engine to the road wheels through the gearbox and allows the gradual connection of the engine to the wheels.

Four wheel drive vehicles may have a double gearbox, one will be the standard gears and the other will be a high and low-ratio range gearbox. This effectively will double the number of gears that are available to around 8 or 10. When going off road it is normally the low range that should be used.

Most cars have the same gearing system. The first four normally form an ‘H’ while the fifth and reverse gear form an additional ‘I’. Changing from fifth to reverse is usually protected, and the lever automatically springs back into the neutral position when no gear is engaged. This tendency of the gear stick to line up with particular gears is known as ‘Bias’. The third and the fourth gears are normally lined up.

Four speed gearboxes have the gears in an ‘H’, with reverse gear extended on the left or the right.

Although in the beginning changing the gears can seem a little difficult, in time it comes second nature, you should always remember don’t look down at the gear lever. When learning, try to have a mental picture of the gear layout, this will always allow you to change gear correctly and without looking down.