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Category Archives: Automotive

Keep Older Car Running

Most cars manufactured within the last twenty years have better longevity than their predecessors. Less mechanical parts equals less mechanical failures. They still however have to be maintained. A hundred and fifty thousand miles on a car that is seven to ten years old or older can easily go another hundred thousand or more with proper maintenance and care. It is best to start out with a vehicle with a good solid maintenance record. Most of us know about oil changes and will have the oil changed on a frequent basis and that’s a good start. How many car owners read their owner’s manual? Have you? Be honest. Did you know that brake fluid should be flushed every two years? This may vary depending on your driving habits and region. The same also applies to power steering fluid. Why you ask? These are hydraulic fluids and are under constant high pressure which creates high heat and the byproduct of extreme heat in fluids is water. Over time this moisture builds up and weakens the fluid and leaves your system(s) vulnerable to rust and corrosion. This is the same reason why driving your car short distances (two to five miles while the engine is still cold)on a frequent basis will actually shorten your engine’s longevity. This can be remedied by going on a fifty mile ride every ten days or so. Transmission fluid should be replaced every two to three years depending on driving habits, region and if you frequently use your vehicle for towing. Rear wheel drive cars have a differential gear on the rear axle and that fluid should be replaced at least every fifty to sixty thousand miles. All wheel drive cars also have a differential gear in the rear but there is also a transfer case reservoir that needs to be drained and replaced with the manufacturer’s recommend fluid. I’m sure there are many of you who have been told, heard about, seen advertisements for and the such about 150,000 mile anti-freeze/coolant. DON’T WAIT A HUNDRED AND FIFTY THOUSAND MILES to flush your cooling system. A car’s cooling system builds up solid particles that can clog the radiator and cooling jackets in the engine block and cylinder heads and can cause premature water pump failure. These are the major components on a car that require clean fluids to operate with optimum efficiency.

These are just a few tips to help keep your car spend more time on the road and less time in the shop. Let’s not forget, cars are put together by man, so they are not perfect and there will be mechanical failures. Alternators, starters, fuel pumps and gaskets fail over time. But if your car is in good mechanical condition overall, it won’t seem like a big inconvenience and expense. Your car’s interior should be vacuumed at least twice a month and every week if you have young children. To prevent haze from building up on the glass (windows) clean them with Windex or a water and ammonia solution when you vacuum the interior. You can also use this opportunity to apply a UV protectant to the dashboard and door panels. Washing the exterior of your car should be done four to six times a year, again depending on the climate you reside in. Waxing the exterior of your car with a good wax should be done no less than twice a year regardless of where you live.

Car Gearboxes

Power steering is the result of fluid assisted gears which make it easier to steer the vehicle. Before power steering it took both hands on the steering wheel to keep the vehicle safely on the roadway. By adding hydraulics to the steering box it not only improved safe operation, it provided greater ease and comfort of controlling a motorized vehicle.

Another type of steering mechanism is the rack and pinion steering. This involves a linear gear. Linear means it is not a toothed wheel. It is a long piece of metal with matching ‘teeth’ that the round ‘pinion’ gear controls. The pinion gear is at the end of the steering wheel column, and when you turn the ‘wheel’, the pinion rotates causing the linear ‘rack’ gear to push against the front wheel’s housing connection and the result is changing the direction of the vehicle.

Gears can be used to either speed up, or slow down, the result of applied torque. This is accomplished through gearing ratios which determine the final output. Gears can also be used to reverse the action of the motor, or engine, that is powering them. A series of gears can be used to produce even more of the desired result. In car gearboxes, the end result is achieved by a combination of direct and reversed gears being used to operate the vehicle.

Start Car With Weak Battery

If our car battery is older than 18 months then its capacity for recharging and in turn providing adequate power supply to the self-starter to start the car, is considerably reduced. In such cases, the automobile workshops advise us to replace the battery with new ones. Yet, during the intervening periods, we need to know the ways to start the car.

We face similar problem when we keep our car unused for prolonged periods and the battery is discharged on its own.

1. Push Start:

There are two ways to start a car with a weak battery. The first one is our age-old system of ‘Push Start’. The user’s guide provided by the car-manufacturers along with the vehicles do not recommend this way of starting the car. Yet, we have to resort to this way if the car stops in a remote place where there is no other way to move vehicle and reach out for a safer place.

First, make adequate arrangements for moving the car manually. Here are the ways to move the car manually for ‘push start’. Place your car on a down gradient and let the car roll down for picking-up adequate speed for moving it in 2nd gear. The other way is to take help of someone to push the car from the rear for achieving a desired speed.

Now, before moving the car you need to occupy driver’s seat and take the following actions in proper sequence:

Move the gear lever to ‘2nd gear’; press the clutch paddle full; press the accelerator a little; insert the ignition key and twist it to ‘switch-on’ position; Now ask someone to push the car as described in the proceeding paragraph. Wait for the car to achieve the desired speed. Then release the clutch until the engine starts. Your car engine will start running.

Push the clutch again and bring the gear lever to ‘neutral gear’. Now either you run the engine in idle condition or else drive away to your destination.

2. Jump Start:

The recommended way to start a car is by ‘jump start’ system. For this you need to have a well-charged battery or else you may use any other battery fitted on a car. Now you need to have a pair of two-meter long thick electric cables strong enough to withstand 30amp load. There should be crocodile clips properly attached to both the ends of the cables. Patented ready-made ‘Jump Start’ cables are also available in the market and it is advisable to have one pair of cables in our car for crisis management.

The ‘Jump Start’ procedure is simple. Bring the other car near to your car; connect the red cable to the Positive Ports (marked +) of batteries of both the cars; connect the black cable to Negative Ports (marked -) of both the batteries. By doing this you have connected the well-charged battery of the other car to your car. In other words, you are now using the battery of the other car for your own car.

Now occupy the driver’s seat; bring the gear lever to ‘neutral gear’; push clutch paddle full; insert ignition key in its slot and start your car as usual. For keeping the engine running apply hand break; let the car be in ‘neutral gear’; let the ignition key remain in its slot; open the window glass of driver’s door and come out of your car leaving the engine in ‘idle running’.

Remove the cables and keep them in your trunk. Shift the other car to its original place. Now you should drive away for recharging your car battery. Go for a long drive at least for 5 – 10 km possibly at lower gears and essentially without putting-on your AC.

In this way your battery will be recharged for your normal use. In some types of batteries, you need to check the acid-level in the battery. If the level has gone down you may pour some distilled water by opening the caps with the help of a coin.

Some Steps Drive Sports Car

Step 1: When speeding up, you need to accelerate smoothly. That requires a gradual throttle on the accelerator and not a juddering movement that can cause imbalance on the car. This will help round those corners smoothly like a pro. It is important to remember this as there are many brands of cars that lose balance and stability when the accelerator is jerked suddenly.

Step 2: Never leave the wheels-unless you need to shift gears, of course. Most car racing pros suggest that you glue your hands at the center of the right side and the center of the left side. If you want to round that corner, turn the wheel but do not slide your hands. Keep them in much the same place even if you have to do a complete 90% turn of your wheel-in this case your arms are pretty much crossing with each other already. But this is the most efficient way to manoeuvre that car on corners.

Step 3: If you want to shift, do it in a very smooth motion. That means apply gradual pressure on the gear level to slowly transition to a fast and smooth shifting method. You can pause for a few seconds when shifting gears. This will allow your car to adjust to the speed and will greatly lessen any mechanical damages to your car.

Step 4: When you are downshifting and braking, the pros divulge one of their secrets-the heel and toe mechanism. When you do this in downshifting, you only need to turn your foot on the brake and then shift it on the gas pedal. This will help keep RPMs at its upstate even when you are braking so you do not lose your speed and need to accelerate again. This is a good method when racing.

Information of Smart Car

Environmentally-friendly. Not only is this small car fuel-efficient, averaging around 40 mpg, but it has several other environmentally-friendly features as well. The smart for two car uses innovative energy-efficient and recyclable materials in its construction. In fact, 95% of the vehicle is recyclable and the dash material is made from recycled synthetics.

Easy to park and drive. The smart car has a very small footprint. At less than 9 feet long, it’s nearly 3 feet shorter than the already diminutive Mini Cooper. Of course, a big reason for that is that it’s only a 2-seater. But the short size means this car is super easy to park, especially in tight spots or short spots where other cars wouldn’t fit. It’s also got a great turning radius that makes it very maneuverable.

Appearance. No one can argue that the smart fortwo car is not unique in its design and appearance. See one, and you will never forget it, whether you like it or not! Many people’s first impression is that it is just so darn cute. When Mercedes Benz brought the smart fortwo car to the United States, they updated its image to be more cutting edge, with more chrome, a bit longer hood section and updated headlights and dashboard area. You can also change out the plastic body panels to give it a whole new color, or purchase a car wrap with some kind of unique print or design on it.

Safety design. Most people’s first reaction when they see this tiny car is something along the lines of, “How could such a small car be safe on the road” However, what make the smart car so unique is Mercedes Benz attention to safety. From the innovative tridion safety cell, a sort of safety cage, to its 4 airbags and advanced braking system, the smart car is built for safety. Crash tests have consistently proved Mercedes’ safety claims. Anecdotal evidence, as published on the website, also supports those claims.

Surprisingly roomy inside. Another surprising benefit of the smart car is its interior roominess. There is plenty of leg room for both driver and passenger. Head room is great too, with men as tall as 6’6″ fitting in the driver’s seat comfortably. The cargo area is also quite roomy for a small car. We fit a 50-pound black lab and 2 other dogs in our hatch when we go hiking. And we’ve toted home as many as 8 grocery bags and a case of soda when we go food shopping.

Perfect commuter car. The smart fortwo car was originally designed as a “city car” for crowded European city-dwellers, and that is its greatest value in the United States, as well. It makes a great commuter car, with its roominess, solid gas mileage and zippy performance on the roads, not to mention ease of parking.

Of course, no car is perfect for everyone, and this one is no exception. It does have a few features that could be improved, as well as some aspects that just make it the wrong choice for certain people.

Size vs. other cars on the highway. Despite its considerable safety features, there is no question that the smart car is much smaller than just about every other vehicle on the highway. So, there is a good chance that if you are involved in an accident with a big SUV or truck, you might come out the loser. However, there are accounts of smart cars faring better than other larger vehicles in an accident. One advantage of its small footprint is that it might be able to avoid collisions that a larger vehicle could not.

No cruise control. As mentioned above, the smart car was designed as a commuter, in-town type of car. Perhaps that’s why, despite a number of other high-end features, it lacks a cruise control option. If you do plan to travel in it or your commute involves highway driving, chances are you are going to miss having cruise control.

Unusual transmission. Smart cars have what is termed an “automated manual transmission.” What that means is that you have an option between going completely automatic or using a modified manual transmission. Most people find that keeping it in automatic means slightly sluggish gear shifting. That is easily remedied, however, by switching to the automated manual mode. This is a clutch-less manual transmission, meaning you are in charge of using the stick shift or paddle shifters on the steering wheel to switch gears, but you don’t have to coordinate with a clutch. The manual mode is super easy to use, even if you’ve never driven a stick shift before, and provides for a much zippier gear-shifting experience.

Limited passenger seating and cargo space. Smart cars only have 2 seats – the driver’s seat and one passenger seat. So they’re not meant to be family cars. And while the cargo hatch area is surprisingly roomy, it is still less than 8 cubic feet. So you won’t be hauling any lumber or large pieces of furniture in it.

Pick Nitro RC Car

Firstly, here are some basics; Nitro RC cars run off a Nitro based fuel which gives them incredible performance and speed. Depending on the size of the model, engine sizes range from 2cc up to 4.5cc and some of these engines develop as much as 4.5hp which is a huge amount of power for their size. They are also incredibly popular. Their performance, choice and affordability mean that they are possible the most popular type of model. There are so many different kinds to choose from but the two basic categories are off road and on road.

Off road Nitro RC cars are buggies and truggies which are built for tough terrain. These models are able to tackle very rough terrain at high speeds whilst still being very balanced. These models speeds and ability off road makes them incredibly popular and extremely contagious. An added bonus is that these rc cars can be used anywhere meaning they are very versatile.

On road rc cars are designed to be used on smooth surfaces. These models are suitable to be used on streets and roads but ideally they are built for the track and some serious off road racing! You now need to decide whether you want a ready built kit or a build it yourself kit. What you choose depends on whether you want to enjoy the process of building the model yourself or whether you just want to use it straight away and get out racing!

A ready to run Nitro RC car is already fully built which will come with all the things you need to use it straight away. The model will come fully assembled with all the servos and radio gear and the engine meaning you can get racing immediately. All you will need to buy is some Nitro fuel to power it. A build it yourself Nitro RC car comes in kit form meaning that you will build the car from scratch. Most online retailers and model shops will do special deals where the kit will come with an engine and all the necessary radio gear for one price.

If it is your first model or you are buying one for a family member, my advice is to buy one ready built so that you can become fully accustomed to maintaining and assembling model cars. Once you have experience, then you are ready to buy a build it yourself kit. When searching for a Nitro RC car, do some diligent research in the internet. There are lots of online stores that sell these kinds of models so have a look at these websites, look at reviews, take some advice from members of online forums and then choose one based on your research.

About Accessorize Car

Interior style
As far as interior accessories go, there are many on the market, which all can make your interior far more comfortable, luxurious and interesting looking. Adding little additions, such as a steering wheel cover in a smooth leather material will portray the look of luxury to passengers, not to mention make the steering wheel more comfortable and soft under your touch.

Why not style your gear knobs to brighten up your car? Aluminum plated gear knobs give off a great shine, making them a focus point in the car, helping draw away attention from the untidiness of your car. Aluminum gear knobs come in various colours, including silver, platinum red and blue, enabling you to match them with your interior or exterior colour palette.

Plush furnishings for the car are also available, including car seat covers and mats – all of which can be found in various sizes, colours and patterns. These add a bit of nice detail to the interior of the car, covering up all those boring dull colours which can look so boring.

If you are looking for something a bit more outlandish, try different coloured lighting for your car interior, which will give a more ambient mood over the bright white lights in car that can be uncomfortable.

Moreover, you can style out your car with a good looking car audio system that matches. A smart chrome or black system often complements the interior of the car. However, if you want to add a bit of colour there are various car audio accessories in brighter colours, including flaming orange and zesty lime green.

Exterior style
It’s far easier to style out your interior with a few accessories as there is so much to choose from. The exterior, on the other hand is not as versatile, yet, you can create some really wonderful effects by using a few simple exterior accessories. Add exterior under car lighting to brighten up the night as you drive along, or attach stickers to decorate your car. Furthermore, you could invest in some cool looking alloy wheels to give you car that extra sheen.

Drive Car Using Water

-Drive using the correct gear

Always drive in the highest gear possible without dragging the engine for too long. Once you feel you need to change gear, do it.

-Brake slowly

Instead of using the brake to slow down, trying let then car slow down by using engine brake. Use its stored momentum.

-Look way ahead

Stay alert, look ahead of where you are going to drive to. Plan and move gradually.

All these tips and ways to increase fuel consumptions comes down to one advise:
The harder you press on the accelerator pedal, the more fuel you use, the more money you need to spend on fuel.

For people who are spending around US$70 per month on fuel, this 20% fuel efficiency would help you save around US$840 per year. Imagine what you can do with the amount saved. You can either take your family for a quick weekend getaway or invest in a new technology that can convert your conventional car to run on both water and fuel just like those hybrid cars on the market.

Gas Mileage With Hybrid Car

Hybrid cars are highly environmentally friendly as the pollutants driven out of hybrids are much less compared to conventional cars. The hybrid car works on the perfect optimal alternate changes of gas engines and electric engines. Based on the speed of the car, the fuel consumption and wastage are less and hence the hybrid vehicle can provide more mileage in city as well as highway driving.

To get the best gasoline mileage possible, it is important that you take great care with your driving habits. Here are 10 tips for getting the best gas mileage with your hybrid car.

Driving habits play a major role in fuel efficiency. It is always advisable to drive in a smooth way, without any jerks or jumps.

Avoid frequent braking, Move with medium speed or speed allowed in the highways, to avoid more braking. Each braking requires more energy.

Always go with a medium speed. For each category of vehicle there will be a range of speeds in which you get maximum fuel efficiency. Make sure that you drive your car within that range. More speed or less speed will demand more fuel.

As hybrid cars switch between gasoline engines and electric engines, depending upon the speed of the car, frequent ups and downs in the speed result in frequent switching of the modes. More frequent switching is equivalent to more consumption of energy. So it is advisable to have a uniform speed as much as possible.

Make sure that all your engine components are in good conditions. Carburetors are the first one to maintain regularly. You have to clean it at regular intervals to minimize the waste.

Cleaning the air filters and spark plugs can save you much gasoline. Take your car to the mechanic once in a month and ask him to do a cleaning and conditioning. If required do not hesitate to replace air filters or spark plugs.

Accelerate very gently and smoothly. Do not accelerate with full throttle. This will consume much energy. Assure minimum stops during the travel, each stop requires decelerating and accelerating, both wastes lot of fuels.

Change the gear to up as early as possible. Lower gears uses more fuel than higher gears. This is true for all standard internal combustion engine driver cars.

Check the battery charges once in a month or at the most in two months. If required recharge the battery to the required ampere level.

Be careful about the pumping of the gas. Do not pump very fast. A steady and slow pump will reduce the wastage while pumping.

Build Own Electric Car

Choose the right car to convert.

It really depends on your purpose for this car. Commuting? Taking kids to school? Entertainment? Hauling stuff?

Believe it or not, but a Porsche 914 is a terrific car to convert to EV but can you afford to? Really any car under ten years old, which is as light-weight as possible and plenty of room for batteries is good.

People have converted VWs, Audis, Nissans, Chevrolets, Pontiacs, Mazdas, Subarus,Hondas, Fiats and Fords. And so on…

In a very small nutshell;

Essentially you remove the donor car’s engine gas tank, exhaust, and clutch. Next you install the electric motor and controller and wire these to the batteries.

Then there is quite a bit of “detail” in between to take care of including a reduction gear, mounting and wiring electric motors for any power steering and air conditioning, and much much more.

Sounds easy? No, it isn’t quite that easy! You need a decent set of step-by-step instructions to work your way towards your own electric car.

Getting a heart for your frame, the electric motor

Converted electric cars usually use something between 96 volts and 192 volts. Once that is decided you can choose the right motor and controller. Most commonly used by EV convertors are DC-wound.

Which batteries?

There are five types of batteries that are used in EV conversions. Flooded acid lead batteries are by far the most common. VRLA (Valve Regulated Lead Acid) AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat) batteries, gel cell batteries, nickel-cadmium batteries and lithium-based batteries are also used.

Each has pros and cons. Any decent electric vehicle conversion plan will lead you to the one best suited to your project.

What does it cost?

You can build an electric vehicle for under $1,000 with a forklift electric motor, 8 six volt batteries and a golfcart controller but you won’t go very far in it, nor very fast!

Depending on the cost of donor car and required repair work to it, of batteries, adapter plate, motor, controller and wiring, the average lies between $5,000 and $12,000.